Home' Grower : May 2012 Contents The South Australian Grower -- May 2012
By TREVOR RANFORD
chemical registration is in
need of an urgent and com-
plete review if the industry sectors
are to increase productivity and
The cost of doing business in
these areas of production is
increasing, adding further stress
to an already overregulated sector.
Recently, the APVMA released
its ruling on the future use of
dimethoate and will, sometime in
2012, release its ruling on the
future use of fenthion.
The APVMA started the review
of dimethoate in April, 2004, and
in August, 2011, published the
residues report for dimethoate.
Based on the findings in this
report, the APVMA took regula-
tory action to suspend many uses
The APVMA started the review
of fenthion in 1994 because of
concerns about public health,
occupational health and safety, the
environment and food residues.
Preliminary findings are likely to
take interim regulatory action on
fenthion some time in 2012.
While one accepts the need to
undertake such reviews, is totally
unacceptable for the process to
take such a long time.
The cost to both the agencies and
industry to undertake the reviews
is well into the millions of dollars.
The end result is that many indus-
tries have been left with a void and
are now scrambling to find alterna-
tive chemicals and/or treatments.
The APVMA and the other gov-
ernment agencies are now starting
to work with Industry to deal
with some of these issues, but at
times there does not seem to be
More worrying is the complex
consultation process required.
There is a need to develop a
broad framework in which all par-
ties can operate to achieve a new
paradigm that is flexible and effi-
cient, yet still achieves the best
results for all parties.
The APVMA currently reviews
chemicals against a set of parame-
ters including OH&S, health,
environment and trade (mainly
trade into international markets).
What is always missing is the
effect a chemical review has on
those using the product -- for exam-
ple, the grower and their ability to
control specific pests and diseases.
What is needed is a process that
sits alongside the review process
looking at the potential effect on
the loss of the chemical and how
it can be replaced with an alterna-
tive chemical or treatment. In the
case of dimethoate and fenthion
there has been a national
Coordination Committee, and
while it has had some success in
dealing with these issues the
process should have started at the
time the APVMA started the
Most horticultural industries
have a national biosecurity plan
that determines how industry and
governments will deal with an out-
break of an exotic pest or disease.
What is missing in those plans or
alongside of the plans, is a process
which determines what chemicals
might be required to deal with an
exotic pest or disease.
From this, industry and the
agencies can determine what new
chemicals and treatments might
be required and start emergency
registration of those chemicals. It
is far too late to go through the
registration process when an out-
break is confirmed. Imagine the
damage if there was an outbreak
of fire blight in the Adelaide Hills
and it took a month or more to
get an emergency permit to man-
age or eradicate that outbreak.
The horticulture industries in
South Australia and across Australia
need to establish a horticulture
industry chemical registration and
Comprehensive chemical review vital
for the protection of horticulture
TWO new apple varieties could hit
Australian shelves as early as this
month. Kanzi and Greenstar will
make their debut this year with the
group behind the fruit suggesting
they could be available to the
public in April.
The Greenstar and Kanzi Marketing
Group, made up of several key
Australian growers in conjunction
with Giston Consulting Services, are
responsible for bringing the new
varieties to Australia and they have
been collectively working towards
this season's harvest for the past
Greenstar and Kanzi are grown
by the group members themselves
in Batlow and Orange in New South
Wales, Manjimup in Western
Australia, the Adelaide Hills in
South Australia and the
Mornington Peninsula in Victoria.
Kanzi was first grown in Europe,
where it was developed from a
natural cross between a Gala and a
This particular cross has reportedly
created an "intensely flavoured
apple with the juiciness of a Gala,
and the tartness of a Braeburn".
It is a very crunchy and firm
apple, with a special sweet and
sour flavour. It has also inherited
the bright red skin that is typical of
a Gala apple, giving it a
particularly tempting appearance.
Since it was first grown in Belgium,
Kanzi has become the fastest
growing new variety of apple in
Europe, with production expected to
reach about 40,000 tonnes this year.
The Greenstar apple was also
developed by the European
organisation Better 3 Fruits, from a
natural cross between the
Delbarestival and Granny Smith
varieties, both of which are known
for their juiciness and fresh taste.
As a result of this cross the
Greenstar apple was marketed in
Europe as the ultimate "thirst-
A released statement on the
Greenstar suggests it contains an
extraordinarily high level of
Vitamin C and also possesses the
It is far too late to go through the registration process when an outbreak
is confirmed. Imagine the damage if there was an outbreak of fire blight
in the Adelaide Hills and it took a month or more to get an emergency
permit to manage or eradicate that outbreak.
review framework, so that early
consideration of chemical reviews,
emergency registration, minor use
permits and the development of
new chemicals are dealt with in a
proactive manner before the event.
Some lateral thinking and action
is required. Such a framework
needs to be developed in partner-
ship with national and state gov-
ernment agencies including
APVMA and the major chemical
companies in Australia.
Details: 0417 809 172 or
• Trevor Ranford is independent horti-
cultural consultant, South Australian
Labels need clear guidelines to be effective
LABELS on chemicals come in for
strong criticism at times. Either they
have too much information or not
More importantly, it is the level of
information that is important and
whether the information fits with
current thinking or current
The label can be a dangerous tool
if the information is out of date with
Recently I received a concept from
horticulturalist and educator Peter
LeRichem in which he said: "Over
the years we have seen the symbols
alongside the key words of
WARNING/CAUTION, POISON &
DANGEROUS POISON on pesticide
"While I have no problems with this
as the general public and many
growers also would not be aware of
the Poison Schedule - even given the
many courses that have been
delivered over the years there is
need for some symbols.
"May I put to you a suggestion you
right person, for a possible revamp
or improvement to the labels.
"My suggestion comes from
observations of many machinery
Operators Manuals, namely the use
of a triangle with an exclamation
mark inside - a version of this is
used in Europe as a warning/give-
way sign at road intersections.
"One triangle with ! for a CAUTION
product, 2 triangles with ! (one
either side of the word) POISON, one
triangle (with !) and one skull and
crossed bones for DANGEROUS
POISON. Another issue that could be
reviewed through a Horticulture
PRECISION - QUALITY - TRADITION
CHERRY: F12-1, Stallion.
APPLE: M9, M26, Ottawa 3,
MM102, M7, Nth Spy,
MM106, ME793, MM111.
All stocks delivered from virus-tested material.
Rochford Rootstock Nursery
905 Neerim East Rd,
Neerim East, Vic 3831
Phone Jim 0400 750 832
Ph/Fax (03) 5628 1229
Links Archive April 2012 June 2012 Navigation Previous Page Next Page